Just outside the front entrance to Buckingham Palace stands a 25m tall monument to Queen Victoria made of 2,300 tonnes of white Carrara marble and sculpted by Sir Thomas Brock between 1906 and 1924. The centre piece of the monument is a statue of Queen Victoria herself, below it an inscription reading ‘Victoria, Regina Imperatrix” (Victoria, Queen and Emperor). On top of the monument is the golden statue of Victory, with two seated figures below it representing courage and constancy. The monument also contains the Angel of Justice, the Angel of Truth, a statue of charity and a ships’ prow in homage to Britain’s nautical prowess. The second longest reigning monarch (from 1837 – 1901) in British history, the Queen Victoria memorial gardens are the semi-circular flowerbeds around the central monument following the monarch’s death in 1901. In the Summer season, replanting of the flowers uses approximately 22,500 plants including scarlet geraniums chosen to match the tunics of the Queens Guard at Buckingham Palace. The Victoria Memorial also includes the Canada, South and West Africa and Australia Gates –each given by the respective dominion. The three gates, memorial garden and monument complete the Queen Victoria memorial, designed by Sir Aston Webb and unveiled in 1911 – one decade after her death.
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