Buckingham Palace has been the official London residence of Britain’s sovereigns since 1837 and evolved from a town house that was owned, from the beginning of the eighteenth century, by the Dukes of Buckingham.Her Majesty The Queen, conducts her business at the Palace when in London, receiving ministers and the Prime Minister on her weekly audience. Here she entertains overseas Heads of State, and holds investitures and garden parties and theme day receptions. The Palace is as much an office as a private home. Surprisingly it is hollow, being built around a large inner courtyard. Built in 1702 for the Duke of Buckingham and bought by George III for £21,000 so that he and Queen Caroline could live apart from the Court at St James’ Palace. It was transformed in to a palace by the architect John Nash, under elaborate and expensive guidelines established by George IV. George IV liked it so much that he would hold his courts here. During the second world war Buckingham Palace became a focal point in the life of the capital, with the knowledge that the King was in London with his people. The Palace was bombed nine times. The Queen has lived at Buckingham Palace since 1952. During her reign the Palace has again been the focal point of many important occasions, with the Queen and her family appearing on the balcony following royal weddings, Jubilees, Coronation, Trooping the Colour. The Royal Standard flies over the Palace when The Queen is in residence, and since 1998, the Union flag when she is not. During the Golden Jubilee, The Queen held a Pop Concert and a classical music concert in the gardens of the Palace. The Palace is to be floodlit every night for the rest of The Queens reign.
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